Schafkopf gehörte lange zur Wirtshauskultur und stammt ursprünglich aus Bayern, weswegen es auch als Bayrischer Schafkopf oder Bayrisch Schafkopf. cheval-jura.com › Freizeit & Hobby. Schafkopfregeln. 3. 1. Das Schafkopfspiel. Grundsätzliches. Das Schafkopfen ist ein Kartenspiel, das erstmals im zweiten Drittel des.
Schafkopf – RegelnWer die Schafkopf-Regeln nicht kennt, sollte es mit dem Schafkopfen bleiben lassen. Schafkopf wird mit einem bayerischen Blatt gespielt. Dieses besteht meist. Die Schafkopf Regeln sind in der App enthalten. Konrad empfiehlt: „Schafkopf günstig üben mit der Schafkopf App, und jetzt neu: kostenlos Schafkopf spielen.“. Schafkopf Regeln einfach erklärt, damit Sie direkt mit dem beliebten bayrischen Trumpfspiel aus dem Jahrhundert loslegen können!
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Wissenslücken und Strategien lassen sich bei ein paar Runden erarbeiten. Das Spiel lernt man quasi ein ganzes Leben lang, um es zu meistern!
Spielanleitung kostenlos als PDF downloaden. Für Schafkopf werden 32 Spielkarten und vier Spieler benötigt.
Dabei erhält jeder acht Karten, die zuvor gut gemischt werden. Jede Karte besitzt einen Rang und zählt Punkte bzw. Trick-taking card games list.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. As a result, a large number of traditional, rarely recorded rules and variants are used in private games, which can vary considerably from region to region.
There are various theories about the origin of the name Schafkopf , most of which come from traditional folklore.
Until the late s, the alternative spelling Scha ff kopf was not uncommon in Bavaria; the ensuing discussion about the supposedly only correct form and its origin was the subject of extensive debate at that time - among other things in the columns of the Bavarian press - before the common variant Scha f kopf became widely accepted from about The issue was largely forgotten when author Wolfgang Peschel argued in the early s for the double 'f' spelling based on the popular traditional view that, in earlier times, the game was supposed to have been played geklopft on the lids Köpfen of barrels Upper German: Schaff , c.
Although this hypothesis is unanimously rejected by experts and there is no evidence for it in older sources, it is widespread on the Internet.
Another theory is that it comes from "Schaffen" and "Kopf", "to work one's brain. The indirect precursors of the various games of the Schafkopf family which include Doppelkopf and Skat , were the Spanish national game of L'Hombre which had reached the Holy Roman Empire through the courtly circles of France in the late 17th century , its four-hand variant, Quadrille , and its simplified German derivative, German Solo.
The distinction between variable and permanent trump cards as well as the selection of a contract by announcing and bidding, probably originate from these games.
The special feature of Bavarian Schafkopf, the selection of a playing partner by 'calling' a Sow often misleadingly called an Ace as it is, in fact, a Deuce , was also usual in German Solo; the determination of the winning team by counting card points Augen , instead of tricks, however, has another origin, perhaps in Bavarian Tarock or related games.
The origin and development of the game of Schafkopf - in comparison with Skat - are rather poorly documented.
This may be due, on the one hand, to its relatively low social reputation - in the first half of the 19th century Schafkopf was regarded as a comparatively unfashionable and simple "farmer's game"  when seen against the backdrop of ever more popular card games such as German Solo or Skat , especially at the universities - and, on the other hand, to changes in concept: originally the name referred to several forerunners, located more or less in the Saxon-Thuringian area such as Wendish or German Schafkopf.
In these older variants, the declarer's team was generally determined by a combination of the two highest trump cards, in a not dissimilar manner to the way the Queens of Clubs are used in Doppelkopf today, for example.
Sheepshead should be understood as further developments of this German Schafkopf. The assumption often heard in Bavaria that Skat and Doppelkopf developed from the Bavarian Schafkopf cannot be proven; a parallel development of all three games is more likely.
The game of Schafkopf is first recorded in the s in the literature. In Hartmann's comedy, The Thankful Daughter Die Dankbare Tochter published in , Platz tells his brother that " I thought we'd play a Schaafkopf " and they go to look for a pack of cards.
The specifically Bavarian variant of the game originated with the introduction of the Rufer or 'Call Ace' contract in the first half of the 19th century - apparently in Franconia.
The first mention of a game of Schafkopf definitely played according to Bavarian rules in Gräfenberg dates to the year ;  and while Schapfkopf playing in Franconia was already widespread in the s,  in the Bavarian Forest , Tarock the Bavarian game, not the true Tarock game played in Austria was more popular.
The oldest written rules for Bavarian Schafkopf are found in Schafkopf-Büchlein - Detailliche Anleitung zum Lernen und Verbessern des Schafkopfspiel mit deutschen Karten , Amberg ;  where the author explicitly explains the differences from Schafkopf variants played in northern Germany, i.
Skat and Doppelkopf. The aim of the game is to score a set number of points by taking tricks. Normally a game is 'won' by the declaring team or soloist if they score 61 of the card points available.
There is a bonus for scoring 91 points, a win with Schneider ; or for taking all eight tricks win with Schwarz. At 31 card points the declarer's team or soloist are Schneider free Schneider frei.
For the defending team, by contrast, the game is 'won' with only 60 points, won with Schneider with 90 points and they are Schneider free with 30 points.
In Schafkopf players must follow suit Farbzwang. If they are unable to do so, they can either play a trump or any other card no Trumpfzwang  , while Hearts are counted as trumps, not as a plain suit, as long as its trump status is not changed by a particular contract such as Solo or Wenz.
In Germany , Schafkopf is not deemed a gambling game and can therefore be legally played for money. Especially in Bavaria it is normally played for small amounts of money to make it more interesting and the players more focused.
Normal rates are 10 Euro cents for normal and 50 for solo games. Schafkopf is a four-handed game played, in Bavaria, using a Bavarian pattern pack, a variant of the German suited deck , and, in Franconia , with the related Franconian pattern pack.
In parts of eastern Bavarian the Upper Palatinate and Upper Franconia the 'short cards' or 'short deck' of 24 cards minus the Eights and Sevens or of 20 cards minus Nines, Eights and Sevens is preferred, which gives each player a hand of six or five cards respectively.
This variant is sold in packs labelled Kurze Scharfe which is a pun on scharf "sharp" and Schaf "sheep". There are eight cards in each suit with different values: Sau Sow , König King , Ober officer , Unter sergeant , 10, 9, 8 and 7.
The cards of any one suit have a collective value of 30 points; thus there are points to be played for in the pack. Nines, eights and sevens have a value of 0 points and are variously known as Spatzen "sparrows" , Nichtser le "nothings" or "nixers" , Leere "blanks" or Luschen "duds".
As mentioned above, eights and sevens are dropped from Schafkopf with short cards. The rules are based on these variations of the game; they are universally known and are usually the only ones permitted at Schafkopf tournaments.
Following this rule all players have the opportunity to shuffle, cut and announce first. All financial demands from the last game are final and binding when the card deck is cut.
If no player announces their intent to play all say 'Weiter' , there are several possibilities, which should be agreed upon before the start of play:.
After the players receive the first hand of cards four cards and before they take the second hand they can double the value of the game either by knocking on the table or calling "doppeln" to double.
Normally a specific token e. Depending on the exact local rules only the first, only one or all players can double the game.
If more than one player doubles the game the factors get multiplied, i. These factors take effect after all other bonuses are added.
In the case of Tout the game cost again double but no Schneider or Schwarz bonus is paid. The value of the game can be doubled further by Contra.
At the beginning of the game any opposing player, but normally one with very good cards, can give the offensive player "Kontra" Contra which means that he declares his team will win even when they didn't announce a game.
This doubles the value of the game. Only one Contra is allowed, so they can't be accumulated like the normal doubling. Der Bauer wird in Bayern und Franken auch Unter genannt.
Zusammengezählt verfügt das Spielblatt so über Punkte. Der Gewinner eines Spiels ist der, der zumindest 61 Punkte vorweisen kann.
Gespielt, also die einzelne Karte auf den Tisch gelegt, wird immer Spieler um Spieler im Uhrzeigersinn. Der Gewinner eines Umlaufes ist der, der die höchste der vier Karten auf den Tisch legt.
Schafkopf is considered to be the national card game of Bavaria, where it is a four-player game, with a basic contract in which hearts are trump and the bidder calls a non-trump ace whose holder becomes his partner.
There are higher contracts in which the bidder plays alone against a team of three, either with a trump suit of his choice, or with unders as the only trumps.
In recent years a variant using just 24 cards has become popular.Verteilen Sie unter den Spielern alle 32 Spielkarten zu jeweils 8 Karten. Jede Spielkarte besitzt einen Rang und zählt Punkte, auch Augen genannt. Der Gewinner eines Spiels ist der, der zumindest 61 Punkte vorweisen kann. cheval-jura.com › Freizeit & Hobby.